Jaina Bhagavati-Sutra of 5th century AD mentions that Purulia was one of the sixteen mahajanapadas and was a part of the kingdom known as Vajra-bhumi in ancient times. In 1833, Manbhum district was carved out of Jungle Mahals district, with head quarters at Manbazar. In 1838, the headquarters was transferred to Purulia. In 1956, Manbhum district was partitioned between Bihar and West Bengal under the States Reorganization Act and the Bihar and West Bengal (Transfer of Territories) Act 1956.
Joypur is located at 23°26′00″N 86°08′00″E. Joypur community development block has an area of 230.50 km2. The area forms the lowest step of the Chota Nagpur Plateau. The general scenario is undulating land with scattered hills.
As per 2001 census, Joypur block had a total population of 111,715, out of which 58,132 were males and 53,583 were females. Joypur block registered a population growth of 17.97 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Purulia district was 13.96 per cent. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent. Scheduled castes at 19,336 formed around one-fifth the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 12,242, forming around one-tenth the population.
As per 2001 census, Joypur block had a total literacy of 50.11 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 71.29 per cent female literacy was 26.85 per cent. Purulia district had a total literacy of 55.57 per cent, male literacy being 73.72 per cent and female literacy being 36.50 per cent.
Ruins of three identical Bholababa temples are located at Boram, near Jaipur.